Volume 37, September 2012Mathematical and numerical approaches for multiscale problem
|Page(s)||117 - 135|
|Published online||21 September 2012|
Wall laws for viscous fluids near rough surfaces
Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Université de Savoie,
2 DMA/CNRS, Ecole Normale Supérieure, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris, France
3 IMJ, 175 rue du Chevaleret, 75013 Paris, France
In this paper, we review recent results on wall laws for viscous fluids near rough surfaces, of small amplitude and wavelength ε. When the surface is “genuinely rough”, the wall law at first order is the Dirichlet wall law: the fluid satisfies a “no-slip” boundary condition on the homogenized surface. We compare the various mathematical characterizations of genuine roughness, and the corresponding homogenization results. At the next order, under ergodicity properties of the roughness distribution, a Navier wall law with a slip length of order ε can be derived, that leads to better error estimates.
We also discuss the relationship beween the slip length and the position of the homogenized surface. In particular, we prove that for adherent rough walls, the Navier wall law associated to the roughness does not correspond to any tangible slip.
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2012
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